Dia das Boas Ações

Posted Posted in opinião, projetos, time to think about

No âmbito da comemoração do Dia das Boas Ações, neste mês de abril, a World Needs decidiu abraçar a iniciativa e desenvolver uma boa ação: enviar cartões de agradecimento aos profissionais de saúde. Esta ação foi desenvolvida com o apoio de professores e alunos de algumas escolas que, sensibilizadas com esta ideia, se juntaram à World Needs para levar a cabo tal tarefa. Concretizaram, assim, várias dezenas de cartões destinados a utentes que se encontram em internamento.

Uma das escolas participantes foi a Escola Visconde de Salreu – Agrupamento de Escolas de Estarreja. Os cartões criados pelas crianças desta escola foram reencaminhados para o IPO do Porto que, mal receberam as várias mensagens, decidiram criar um mural para que todos os seus utentes pudessem ver, ler e sentir o carinho e alento que as crianças quiseram transmitir.

Com esta iniciativa a World Needs pretendeu, não só demonstrar o seu apreço pelo esforço de todos os profissionais de saúde, como também criar alguma consciência cívica das crianças nas escolas. Tornou-se possível sensibilizar estes alunos para a existência de outras crianças ou adultos que, pelas circunstâncias do seu dia a dia, se encontram em situações mais vulneráveis.

feedback recebido por parte dos professores que realizaram esta atividade foi bastante positivo, uma vez que consideraram ser de extrema importância sensibilizar os seus alunos para o cuidado a ter para com o outro.

A World Needs considera que esta atividade foi uma mais valia para o enriquecimento pessoal de toda a equipa mas, também, das crianças que participaram nesta boa ação.

Deixamos o nosso agradecimento a todos os envolvidos, nomeadamente, à Escola Visconde de Salreu- Agrupamento de Escolas de Estarreja e  à Escola Conde Dias Garcia.

Este agradecimento é também extensível a todos os profissionais de saúde que continuam a dar o máximo de si para garantirem os cuidados de saúde das respetivas populações.   

A todos, o nosso muito obrigado!

Os velhos são sábios

Posted Posted in opinião, time to think about

Esta pandemia veio provar que a forma de como o sistema lida com os idosos está desenquadrado da realidade e precisa urgentemente de soluções. Em todo o mundo.

Caso a humanidade não ganhe juízo na sua relação com o ambiente e os recursos naturais, as pandemias tornar-se-ão mais frequentes e, por essa razão, tendo em conta a forma de como se lida com os mais velhos, só nos faz temer pelo pior. No caso de Portugal, dois em cada cinco mortos residem em lares, representando 40% dos óbitos por Covid-19 só nesta resposta social.

Em todo o mundo, tem vindo a crescer um fenómeno que é o da discriminação em função da idade mais avançada, levando a desconsiderar os mais velhos, tratando-os como um peso morto da sociedade, em especial depois de abandonarem a vida ativa. Porém, em sociedades como o Norte da Europa, os mais velhos são considerados autênticos poços de sabedoria, fazendo recordar as cidades da antiguidade, onde estas eram dirigidas por um coletivo de anciãos capazes de guiar a comunidade.

Investigadores de todo o mundo afirmam que os mais velhos discriminados vivem, em média, menos sete a oito anos.

O abandono social dos mais velhos tornou-se ainda mais evidente. No caso dos lares, nem todos dispõem de médico, enfermeira, massagista, nutricionista ou de uma técnica que dinamize as muitas horas que os utentes ali passam. As aldeias, cada vez mais desertas, estão sós e à mercê de si mesmas e, se para cada um de nós a solidão é um problema, para os mais velhos é uma verdadeira doença.

A segurança social não tem flexibilidade e revela pouca imaginação para definir novas respostas sociais. É tal a carga burocrática que impossibilita o desenvolvimento de alternativas, encontrando as mesmas soluções para os mesmos problemas. Acontece, muitas vezes, a Segurança Social rejeitar apoio a projetos que lhe são apresentados, apenas porque não se enquadram nas valências já existentes mas, pasme-se, de seguida, que técnicas de serviço social contactam essas mesmas instituições a pedirem ajuda para encontrarem soluções por não terem respostas dentro do sistema.

E é este o Estado em que aqui chegamos.

Todos são válidos!

Toy Collection Initiative

Posted Posted in opinião, projetos, time to think about

Underneath the constant goal of promoting timeless and intercultural solidarity, the World Needs Organization carried out, around December of 2020, a Toy Collection Campaign with the ultimate goal of supporting a group of children institutionalized and in situation of economic need.

Conscious of the reality these children go trough and aware of the disparities between them and the non-institutionalized, that are irrefutably more evident in the weeks leading up to the Christmas season, the desire to contribute to each of these children’s Christmas to become a happier one grew inside all of us.

This being said, the Toy Collection Campaign began with the creation an online donation base and to encourage solidarity among the youngest, contacts with several Primary Schools were also established, in order to place a box of collection in their facilities. 

Achieving much more than the initial expectations, this initiative enabled us to gather more than 600 toys, thus allowing us to distribute them to four of the many institutions previously identified: three of them in Murtosa and one in Esmoriz. The World Needs Organization, among all of those who donated and contributed in different ways to this cause, was able to support a total of around 140 children with more than 360 toys. 

Despite the current pandemic situation and State of Emergency recently declared, that conditioned the accomplishments of this campaign - leaving the distribution of the remaining 300 toys pending - we have already ascertained the delivery to a fifth institution, located in Aveiro. 

Built out of the success of this and other initiatives carried out by World Needs, we are left to thank the kindness of all the contributions that came our way, allowing us to keep believing that it is possible to turn dreams into some sort/level of reality. This is why we have no doubts that dreams are the ones that truly rule life,

“Whenever a man dreams,,

  The world bounces and moves forward
  Like colorful ball
  Among the hands of a child”

Diaphragmatic breathing: learn to deal with anxiety

Posted Posted in opinião, time to think about

Jéssica Marques

Marisa Lima

Anxiety is one of the worst threats of this century, being responsible for many psychology interventions, all over the world. Taking this into account, it is important to remember that anxiety is not inherently bad, considering that, in moderate levels, may have a protective and adaptive function in people's lives. However, due to the increased tendency to exaggerate and overvalue daily concerns, mental health professional’s highlight this topic as a demanding concern in the community.

Anxiety can be described as an emotional experience, characterized by a restlessness state, that is accompanied by sensorial sensations. As matter of a fact, anxiety can be understood as a secondary emotion that develops from a diffuse and unspecified fear, that develops while facing a possible threat.

In 2020, the world pandemic of COVID-19 affected not only the physical wellbeing of people, but also the psychological one. This is largely reflected on the increased levels of fear and anxiety experienced by a large amount of people all over the world. All these facts show the importance of this topic for the global mental health and enhance the urge to solve this problem.

To promote the relief of these anxiety symptoms, often the diaphragmatic breathing is one of the techniques recommended, because it has, as a primary objective, relieving symptoms associated with the physiological component of anxiety. This technique aims not only to dissolve the association built between hyperexcitability and the concern felt by the person (Moura et al., 2018), but also to provide a wide sensation of tranquillity and well-being to the individual (Barlow, 2016, as cited in Lenhardtk & Calvetti, 2017).

In this sense, this technique is characterized as a learning process that includes the voluntary control of breathing while facing stressful situations. That way, the controlled breathing may provide an abstraction moment, where he can take control over his own body and achieve a higher state of relaxation (Barlow, 2016, as cited in Lenhardtk & Calvetti, 2017). Therefore, this technique promotes tension release, which consequently provides a widespread relaxation and a considerable reduction of anxiogenic feelings (Moura et al., 2018).

With this technique, the person is invited to lie on his back or sit comfortably, placing one hand on the abdominal area, just above the navel, and the other hand on the chest, allowing the person to pay attention and to identify the movements of inhaling and exhaling. Therefore, it is asked to breathe slowly, inhaling through the nose, while projecting your abdomen outward (filling the belly like a balloon) and counting to four. It is important to note that, on this whole exercise the main purpose is that the hand on the chest moves as little as possible. Then, the person must hold their breath for two seconds and then do the same path in a reversed way, relaxing the abdomen while exhaling through the mouth in a smooth way. This process can take approximately six seconds (Oliveira & Duarte, 2004, as cited in Wilhelm, 2015; Neto, 1998, as cited in Wilhelm, 2015). As we have seen, this movement consists in voluntarily expanding and contracting the abdominal region (Dias et al., 2015). 

However, this strategy implies systematic training so that there is a correct execution, enabling a better ventilation while facing an anxiogenic situation. In addition, it is suggested to perform it in a quiet environment, without any noise or bright lights. It is also recommended that, in the beginning, people start laying down (in an horizontal position) because it is a simpler position to control diaphragmatic movements, due to the lower pressure exerted. (Hough, 2001, as cited in Dias et al., 2015). With the recurrent use of this strategy, it is expected that the person will acquire the necessary skills to be able to execute it individually in any type of environment, context or time of the day, allowing the person to abstract from any internal and external anxiogenic stimulus.

The diaphragmatic breathing technique is considered the ground technique for relaxation, as it contributes to fight anxiety, through the movements of inhaling and exhaling the air. However, this strategy is not alone and can be complemented with other relaxation techniques. This way, people can also rely on meditative practices or creative activities (such as painting and music) to control some anxiolytic symptoms. Having all this into account, and because we are idiosyncratic human beings, it can be advantageous to explore multiple relaxation techniques, to discover the strategies that best suit each one of us. 

Finally, it is important to remember that anxiety does not have to be lived in solitude. Therefore, whenever anxiety becomes an obstacle to your well-being, do not hesitate in seeking psychological help. 

Lines of Psychological Help in Portugal:

SOS Voz Amiga – 213 544 545 / 912 802 669 

SNS 24 – 808 24 24 24 (extensão 4) 

Administração Regional de Saúde do Norte – 220 411 200

Fundação São João de Deus – 924 101 462

 

Bibliography

Dias, J. M. M., Monteiro, M. J. P. & Rainho, M. C. (2015). Gestão de Stresse: Técnicas de Respiração e Relaxamento e Gestão do Tempo. Revista Eletrónica de Educação e Psicologia, 6, 71 -81. 

Lenhardtk, G. & Calvetti, P. Ü. (2017). Quando a ansiedade vira doença? Como tratar transtornos ansiosos sob a perspectiva cognitivo-comportamental. Aletheia, 50(1-2), 111-122.

Moura, I. M., Rocha, V. H. C., Bergamin, G. B., Samuelsson, E., Joner, C., Schneider, L. F. & Menz, P. R. (2018). A terapia cognitivo-comportamental no tratamento do transtorno de ansiedade generalizada. FAEMA, 9(1), 423-441.

Willhelm, A. R., Andretta, I. & Ungaretti, M. S. (2015). Importância das técnicas de relaxamento na terapia cognitiva para ansiedade. Contextos Clínicos, 8(1), 79-86.

Again!? The reality of another lockdown in Portugal

Posted Leave a commentPosted in opinião, time to think about

2021 is being sort of 2020 but squared. The numbers for cases of COVID-19 are alarming and, throughout the country, hospitals have serious difficulties in responding to the thousands of cases that are admitted daily to the emergency services.

We are beginning to lack the strength and perseverance to carry on this fateful struggle that haunts the whole world. The recent decisions made by our authorities have done little to crush the epidemiological curve in Portugal, preventing the emergence of new positive cases.

There is no point in discrediting science, pointing the blame at certain decision-making subjects or making value judgments that, if we were to decide, the results would be much better.

There is no point in continuing to launch the rhetoric that only happens to others and that we, the healthy ones can never be affected by such a thing. It is not worth saying that it is only a regular flu, that it is all a fraud that they are promoting all over the world, or that it is a massive attempt to control people through technological nanoparticles that are placed in the body via vaccination. There is no point in launching the debate that this is an excuse to exhaust all services and health sectors, prioritizing this pandemic, discrediting everything else that also deserves attention and dedication. Right now, it is not worth wanting to be smarter than the rest of humanity, simply because we are tired of hearing the same subject every day and, for almost a year now, we have been deprived of doing the simplest and most basic things that we love so much.

It is important to remember that virtually all sectors were affected.
Especially the economical sector, which has its hands tied in the face of all this. Many companies are failing to survive and, as a result, thousands of people across the country lose their jobs, starting to accumulate difficulties to face their commitments. This is the result of an unprecedented very tough economic and
ocial crisis that is creating damage that is difficult to repair.

Contrary to March 2020, there is a light at the end of the tunnel - the long-awaited vaccine - that we aim to reach as soon as possible. But until that happens, we have to ensure that the protection measures are followed, no matter how much it costs us. And we must do this, not only from a personal point of view, but out of respect for the other.

Let us realize that it is our total responsibility to assume a role of alertness, vigilance and protection for the good of all, as a true sense of mission. It is a general duty and not just some, because this evil does not choose creeds, colors or ideologies.

Until when?

Posted Posted in opinião, time to think about

From Rita to Maria, 
They were 30 from night to day.
This abnormal number,
What are we doing wrong, Portugal? 
What are we doing wrong, Portugal? 
But the outlook is very uglo. 
We are all for one, 
So that it does not happen no more. 
Women are dying from violence, 
Is this era really civilized? 
We will never be silent, 
Until this evil is stopped. 
Throught the world, it's not 137 per day, it's much more, 
For each downed women, 
Not a single one lives indifferent anymore. 
For each stepped face, a hugged soul. 
A tear dropped, for each life lost. 
We cannot just mourn, we must act. 
Make yourselves hear, we have to unite! 
From those who departed, remains the longing, 
But we need the truth

UNTIL WHEN? 

This is the real story of my life and of all of us women!

Posted Posted in opinião, time to think about

Today, were here to talk about violence against women, the kind we are destined since birth. Be it physical, psychological, financial and even cultural. This is the real story of my life and of all of us women!

Annually, dozens of women in Portugal, if not thousands throught the world, die at the hands of their husbands, fathers and even sons. There is a necessity to end this cycle stop and educate our children, grandchildren and all of the future generations so that women are respected as equal - yes equal, and not as a superior nor inferior being. 

We have biological differences regarding the opposite sex, but does that make us persons with less rights? 

Since November 11th, women's salaries don't represent absolutely nothing, because men still earn substantially more. Are women less capable of exercising the same functions? Why then is the pay gap so big and why haven't we faced the problem and fixed it? Well, the answer is simple - it is not in the interest of men that women are able to reach the same bodies of power as they do. 

Even if we do not have the right to an equal pay, do we have the right to be assaulted? 

A woman is a daily victim through pickup lines, touches, insults, being controlled regarding as to what she wears, where she spends her money, or even when she gets home after work and has to do house chores, because that's the role a women. These are various examples of the different types of violence that exist. It's not difficult to understand the remaining ones, when as of November 15th, 49 femicide attempts were made, 30 of which resulted in the death the victims.

I want this message to be of hope and so I say to you:

I hope that one day every one of us stops being paid only until November and that we begin being paid until the end of the year. 

I hope that one day I can leave the house alone without thinking of what I'm wearing and without fear of being raped.

I hope I can go to a club and pay the same as men and not pay less as a bait to attract them.

I hope for a day where I wake up and don't have to read anymore news about a women being murdered. 

Change has to happen now, inside of each one of us. For that, we cannot give up and cannot forget that we must fight for our rights, for those women who died and for those women who are yet to be born.  

Gender equality: an analysis of the Portuguese reality

Posted Posted in opinião, projetos, time to think about

Currently, gender equality is an important topic, not because it is trendy, but because it is imperative to end gender discrimination (1). Although in 1918 some women got the right to vote, 100 years later, the Guardian newspaper published testimonies on predictions for the next 100 years and none of them were optimistic (2). The Gender Gap Report of 2020 confirms it and adds that “none of us will see gender parity in our lifetimes, and nor likely will many of our children” (3). So, it is imperative that gender equality is understood as important for both men and women (4).

Fortunately, equality between women and men is a fundamental value of the European Union (EU), enshrined throughout its history and Treaties since 1957 (5,6). To help to close the gender gap and reduce inequalities, the EU developed a new strategy for the next five years (7). However, the movement promoting gender equality has known advances and setbacks over the past century (8).

In Portugal, for years (1926-1974) women were not seen as someone with an active role in society (9). After the end of the dictatorship, the inclusion of women in the labour market and the promotion of policies guided towards gender equality were of major importance to promote the model of a dual-earner couple (10). However, much remain to be done.

The Portuguese labour market is characterised by a high participation of women in full-time employment, but men continue to occupy the dominant positions whereas women are often relegated to more disqualified positions (10). Also, according to the European Social Rights Committee, Portugal is one of the 14 countries that violates the right of the equality of salary and work opportunities between genders (11). The increase of women on the labour market mentioned before is not followed by the increase of men in domestic life (10). When a couple is unemployed, the women tend to be tied to domestic work 24/7. However, with men, the contribution only increases during the weekdays (12).

Considering the academic context, even though women represent most students at higher education institutions, majority of university women suffered some type of harassment (13). Also, when entering positions of leadership the male leaders' percentage is far higher compared to women, approximately 66% against 34% in 2019 (14). Inequalities also appear in other sectors such as the media media, where authority figures such as experts and specialists, presented are most of the times men (15). Another phenomenon is violence in the older generation. From a study made, it is possible to say that from 10 older women around 60 years old, 4 already suffered violence or abuses (16).

This should not happen in the current and modern world we live in, and the term feminist lacks from a global understanding and widespread acceptance to ensure that gender equality is achieved. However, as a movement, feminism, the fight for equality between men and women, has never had a solid footing in Portugal (8).

To better understand the Portuguese reality regarding gender equality, four interviews were carried out with people involved in gender equality projects. One of the questions, in common, to all the interviews was “How do you look at new generations who speak more openly about the subject and seek to change the course of history, for example through social networks? Will this be essential, or will it take more “fighting” in the real world?”. The answers about this subject are similar throughout the interviews. Social media will not change the world, but it can help when used properly and in coordination with what happens in the offline world. However, its use needs to be careful and ensure the transmission of fact-based information since the knowledge flow can be the most non-violent weapon (17). Therefore, there is the need to consider which platform to be used, how to use it, when to post and who is the target audience. Also, it must be ensured that hate comments are not promoted but can help to start a debate between different mindsets.

Another common question to all the interviewees was “46 years have passed since the Portuguese revolution of April 25th, 1974. How do you see the situation of gender equality in Portugal today comparing to those times?”. In those times women were totally dependent of men as stated by one interviewee and the inequality was part of the national law, as stated by two interviewees. Although all the interviewees agree that progress has been made since then, inequality still exists in people’s mindset and in different sectors of society. As mentioned by interviewee 4:

“We are far from what we should be. Obviously, we managed earn enough rights and we managed to walk baby steps but there is a lot to do mainly on the issue of education and changing the mindsets.”

Another common matter in Portuguese society is related to passiveness demonstrated by its population when it comes to more delicate and political subject matters. Taking this into consideration, it was asked “Do you consider that they (Portuguese people) are still passive when it comes to taking actions to reduce or eliminate gender inequality?”. Interviewee 4 believes that there is an “illiteracy” that is still prevalent as heritage from the dictatorship. Also, there is a widespread lack of trust in political institutions. Interviewees 1 and 3 agreed that it is always given priority to economic matters. Interviewee 3 also brought to light that there is a permanent belief that the situation “could always be worse”, instead of considering that there is room for improvement. Namely with the pandemic of COVID-19 and the risk of a new crisis, people tend to focus on other aspects of society and gender equality loses importance on a daily basis (18).

Interviewee 1 added that there are many traditional proverbs that reflect how gender inequality is engrained in society and how hard it is to dissipate those ideas. Interviewee 2 mentioned that Portuguese society is not homogenous and that some ideas and behaviours linked to gender discrimination are still prevalent in younger generations. As mentioned by Interviewee 1 we should avoid looking at Portuguese society as a whole.

Regarding data collected about gender inequality in the European Union, it was asked “The report on gender equality from 2020 concludes that it will take about 99.5 years to end this gender inequality. Do you think that in Portugal it can take even longer?”. Interviewees 1 and 2 both believe that Portugal is at the same pace as western countries. The latter believes there is a governmental effort and there is positive progress. Interviewee 3 corroborated what was found on research that while women have conquered a place on the workforce, the same cannot be said about men and domestic labour (10). On the other hand, interviewee 4 disagreed. She believes Portugal will take much longer to reach gender equality, enforcing that it is important to educate children, particularly young boys, and that it is important for women to unite:

“Fortunately, we have reached a point where we have provided education to girls that has given them plenty of tools to reach several places that were unreachable before. But the truth is we are still forgetting an even more important factor that will transform those 100 or 400 years that there is left for Portugal to change mindsets, from those 400 into 150 years, which is boys.“

Still regarding predictions for the future, the following question was “One of the UN's goals for 2030 is to achieve gender equality in the world. However, in Portugal, there are still many inequalities in different areas, for example the academic world, in top leadership and even in domestic life itself. It is possible to predict how we will be in 2030?”. The overall sentiment from the interviewees was that it is very hard to predict what is in store for the next few years. There was also a shared concern for the rise of the far-right in the country. Interviewee 3 added that there are many young women and men adopting sexist views. However, she also believes that there is the opposite movement:

“What I’m aware is that we have a gender inequality problem and that problem is creating two spikes, a feminist spike and a conservative spike. And what will happen is that if one of them grows, so will the other one, for better or worse. What we must do is hold on. And if we keep holding on and continue to work, there is hope.“

It was also asked “Data from 2019 from the European Institute for Gender Equality shows that Portugal with 59.9% is below average in terms of achieving this equality. This linked to recent news that our country is one of the 14 that violates the right to equal pay, according to the European Social Rights Commission, does not favour our position. What is your opinion on the subject?” Interviewees 2 and 3 stated that there is a gender gap and although Portugal is not the only case in the European Union, interviewee 2 also pointed out that there is legislation regarding equal pay. Interviewee 4 believes that women are still accepting of the gender gap and accept it as normal.

An important matter is also the need to review paternity and maternity leaves. Although in Portugal is dominated as parental leave (19) it is still common for the mother to be the one who stays at home. This happens because while dividing the parental leave for the mother and the father, many fathers still do not have the opportunity to experience the parental leave, given their employers’ (20).

Interviewee 1 is a book writer and teacher in fashion in Portugal. In her book, which tackles gender equality over generations, she interviewed a group of women of different ages and different backgrounds. The goal was to study their life and point of views about society and a particular item of clothing from the past, the corset since this is a characteristic piece of clothing related to the female gender. One of the things that was mentioned by her was that from 23 women, only two claim that were satisfied with their bodies, namely the oldest and the youngest. She also said that an explanation for this may be that these two women are at a similar stage in their lives and they do not care about stereotypes and society. However, from other point of view, one of the comments that she also heard was that sometimes the look that women usually got on the streets can be very disturbing. Interviewee number 3 referred to something similar. The female body is a public subject. She stated:

“I feel that the female body continues to be public.”.”

This adds a huge pressure on women, since there is the feeling that there is always someone analysing the way they dress or talk in front of society.

Interviewee 2 works on a governmental organisation. One of the questions was about the reason behind the choices of studies and jobs by women. In his opinion and the studies carried out in the organisation show that although women have better grades, comparing to men, there are not many girls going to certain fields of engineering such as electronical or mechanical. The lack of women in politics and activism also happens, given the fact that, when women get married, they need to balance their job with the house and the kids. The same does not happen with men (15). The information confirmed that women still work more hours at home than men.

Interviewee 4 also mentioned that about gender equality in the world, when a feminist gives one step forward the patriarchy pushes them 2 steps back. It is important to do not forget that the progress made can always disappear. That was other subject discussed, the weight of the word feminism and what it represents. Interviewee number 4 talked about the word “feminism” and the strength of the word just by itself.

Interviewee number 3 also states that there are many people that are not feminists because they do not know the right meaning of the word. Therefore, it can be difficult to reduce the judgement that feminism is associated with the idea that women are superior to men. However, as stated by the Oxford Dictionary, feminism is “the belief and aim that women should have the same rights and opportunities as men; the struggle to achieve this aim”(21). Many definitions can be identified depending on who is using the term and for what purpose (22). As well, many types of feminism can be identified worldwide (23,24). This need to be considered when discussing the topic since the idea that feminism is a whole and cannot be divided can harm its aim.

With this idea of demystification of the word “feminism” emerges the importance of education. It was found that there is the need to educate younger generations before the formulation of stereotypes in their heads as mentioned by interviewee 4. The role of schools is very important, especially primary schools since children notice and internalise that becomes the rule. Considering that children are the future and given what society and the school teach them from the beginning, the gender inequality becomes stronger and easier to understand.

Also, there is the need to focus more on the education of young boys for gender equality. A very important path has been made regarding the empowerment of women in different sectors and there is still much to be done (25). However, education should start to focus on how to educate young boys so that they are also activists for gender equality and help to reduce the chance that they can turn into the next aggressor since gender inequality and violence against women can be seen as two sides of the same coin (26).

To finish the interviews, it was questioned: “what do you think is necessary to do for people to be more involved in the fight for gender equality, as elements of a modern society?” Interviewees 1 and 4 had to say that there is a lot to be done, but also sometimes it is not necessary much to get people involved. The consensus was the importance of education and that more involvement from young people is needed. Interviewee 2 mentioned:

“You, young people, have a very important role to get more involved, to fight, to pass along the message. Today there is a lot of information and accessible one. Many people are against it (gender equality) and speak without information. When confronted with current data, their perception changes. With data it can be easy to change mindsets. Many people are convinced that women rule more than men, but when you show them the statistics that is not the reality and people react “Oh, I had no idea”. Sometimes it’s easy to deconstruct beliefs of most people with some data.”

This study found out that the use of social media to inform about different situations of the world, namely gender equality will rise. Second, there is the need to reinforce gender equality in education programmes starting from a young age and targeting girls and boys. Thirdly, even though Portugal introduced the change from a maternal leave to a parental leave most fathers are still not obligated to use their days which can lead to a regular maternal leave in some cases. To conclude, more work is needed to achieve gender equality in all areas of our society. Also, the analysis of the word “feminism” can help or harm the fight for gender equality depending on the person that advocates to be a feminist and for what purpose.

For the researchers of this study feminism aims to achieve gender equality and that means put women and men at the same level, with the same rights and responsibilities.

 

References

  1. Manes A. Ainda a igualdade de género [Internet]. Esquerda. 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 7]. Available from: https://www.esquerda.net/opiniao/ainda-igualdade-de-genero/69136
  2. Atwood M, Okolosie L, Tonybee P, Donald A, Bindel J. Will women be equal to men in 100 years? The panel veredict [Internet]. The Guardian. 2018 [cited 2020 Aug 7]. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/feb/06/will-women-be-equal-men-hundred-years-gender-equality-panel
  3. World Economic Forum. Global Gender Gap Report 2020 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 7]. Available from: https://www.weforum.org/reports/gender-gap-2020-report-100-years-pay-equality
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Crohn's disease

Posted Posted in opinião, time to think about

1 year and 2 days have passed since the diagnosis. Probably a lot more time of daily living with the disease. It is not a condition; it is a disease!

I never felt like the healthiest person in the world, but in the summer of 2019, I felt truly sick. Sick to the point of saying to those who were beside me: "I think I'm going to die". I know that we are all going to die, but at that moment I felt an intense weakness, the energy leaving, as if there was only a fragile line between the designated other side and this side of life. I did not ask anyone for their opinion on sharing this topic of mine, because the fight is also mine. I know that it affects everyone around me, but what one feels is what one feels. Pain is a concept present in practically all my days. I know that the disease was recently discovered, and it is difficult to "get it right with medication".

There is much to discover regarding this problem and the symptoms differ from person to person. What is known is that my body tries to defend me from anything and everything, but it is so confused. It triggers an exaggerated response to what is bad, but also to what can be good. Assimilation is difficult for him, so he expels everything. If he defends me too much, why should I defend myself less? What have I learned from this? It is hard. The appointments are multiplying, exams and lab tests are constant, where hospitalisations can appear in the middle. The lows come and go, but the lows are very low.

Today is one of those days. I am having a very painful thrush crisis waiting for the cortisone to have an effect. What have I learned from this? To not be ashamed. Fighting stigma, as I do on many other topics. Do not make excuses for not being with your friends, or not going to this or that. Tell them the real reason. Only by knowing your truth and whoever surrounds you, can you have greater and better social support, as well as greater and better time to be alone if you need it. The message is: Relativise. And let in healthy relationships, healthy environments, healthy thoughts.

Know how to respect our time, listening to our body. And accept:naipe_copas:

But I wanted to add:
A few days ago, I wrote this text with some emotion, the emotion came later, when I read you. Suddenly, the positive side of what is bad appeared. The theme that so often steals my smile, gave me back the sparkle in my eyes. Suddenly, I shivered. I really like that what I do, brings contribution to the other and deep down I had that hope. I did not expect the report of what is normal in my daily life to become a wave of contagious energy, but the truth is that the messages from people who did not remain indifferent and who struggle, fought or deal with problems multiplied like crohn's disease, psoriasis and cancer. I do not want to let you go. I felt an incredible boost and my gratitude became immeasurable. The tears of pain become tears of love and enthusiasm for this union. I leave my email to everyone who also wants to leave some sharing.
beatriz@wneeds.org
Whoever has done it has become an inspiration for me. I promise to read and answer you always.

Bullying

Posted Posted in opinião, projetos, time to think about

He is among us. So among us that it grows to be underestimated? It shouldn´t!

It ought to be an urgent representation of the necessity for intervention and prevention. It is among us in such a way that we can be friends or family with those who may be victims of this problem. And there are so many victims! Even if there was only one, the suffering is major and must be repaired.

At school, at work, during family time, at all the places we should require to be locations of sharing and security, are not always like that. We do not live a cold war; we face a warm and open war. I reference to live because we are all living it. No one can stay unsympathetic to the fact that children die due to this dilemma.

Do you think this is a trend?

According to Unicef, 50% of adolescents in the whole world suffer violence at school and nearby. Teenagers can be fascinated to a lot of matters associated with fashion of their period: computer games, video games, singers, etc. These so-called addictions, some on a healthy level and some not so much, are dependent of adult supervision. The amounts of bullying are the mirror of society as it is typified, reflecting the competition between girls, and the need to demonstrate virility among boys.

Adults are that way, and they are children's role models. In the form of conflict resolution, rooted stereotypes are envisioned and established from an early age. Is it possible to be shaped? Of course, yes! That is what the community does. "Now everything is bullying." It is not like that. Do not normalize what is not supposed to be normalized. Do not let the ones suffering in a teeter. Also, do not demonize the person who practices it, especially if they are a child.

"Not everything is bullying". It is not like that. Do not normalize what is not supposed to be normalized. Do not let the ones suffering in a teeter. Also, do not demonize the person who practices it, especially if they are a child.

There is a sense behind everything that does not make sense. The reason is always there, even if it is not explicit. I could bring you statistics, but I am proud to have made a difference, many years ago, helping a close friend.

Perhaps more than many adults, I was a child, trying to help another child. Empathy and active listening were not words that were part of my vocabulary. But they were natural in my heart.

It does not require many studies, but today, I know that having had the theoretical bases would have helped.

Conscious professionals, for more happy people in the present! No judgmental minds.